The National Education Toolkit for Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting Awareness
Why does FGM/C happen?
Individual reasons given for the practice vary, but often reveal a combination of socially, economically and culturally ingrained perceptions about gender. Some specific reasons given include:
- The belief that it enhances hygiene, fertility and child survival.
- The belief that it reinforces cultural identity or complies with local cultural attitudes about “beauty”.
- The belief that the practice contributes to social cohesion and family honour.
- The belief that it ensures a girl's chastity before marriage and her fidelity within marriage.
- The belief that it inhibits sexual promiscuity
- The belief that it is a religious observance, even though it is not required by any religion
- In many communities where it is practiced, Female Genital Mutilation or Cutting is viewed as an initiation into womanhood and a prerequisite for marriage.
Common questions about Female Genital
Mutilation / Cutting (FGM/C)
(Click on the question)
Facts About FGM/C
Health and Human Rights
Types of FGM/C